C Programming in Linux

C Programming in Linux, c language, C Books,

Why learn the C language?

Because the C language is like Latin – it is finite and has not changed for years. C is tight and spare, and in the current economic climate, we will need a host of young people who know C to keep existing critical systems running.

C is built right into the core of Linux and Unix. The design idea behind Unix was to write an operating system in C so all you needed to port it to a new architecture was a C compiler. Linux is essentially the success story of a series of earlier attempts to make a PC version of Unix.

A knowledge of C is now and has been for years a pre-requisite for serious software professionals and with the recent popularity and maturity of Open Systems, this is even more true. The terseness and perceived difficulty of C saw it being ousted from university teaching during the late 1990s in favor of Java but there is a growing feeling amongst some teaching communities that Java really is not such a good place to start beginners.

Students paradoxically arrive at colleges knowing less about computing than they did ten years ago as programming is seen as too difficult for schools to teach. Meanwhile, the body of knowledge expected of a competent IT professional inexorably doubles every few years.

Java is commonly taught as a first language but can cause student confusion as it is in constant flux, is very abstract and powerful, and has become too big with too many different ways to do the same thing. It also is a bit “safe” and insulates students from scary experiences, like driving with air-bags and listening to headphones so you take less care. The core activity of writing procedural code within methods seems impenetrable to those who start from classes and objects.

So where do we start? A sensible place is “at the beginning” and C is as close as most of us will ever need to go unless we are becoming hardware designers. Even for these students to start at C and go further down into the machine is a good idea.

C is like having a very sharp knife which can be dangerous, but if you were learning to be a chef you would need one and probably cut yourself discovering what it can do. Similarly, C expects you to know what you are doing, and if you don’t it will not warn before it crashes.

A knowledge of C will give you deep knowledge of what is going on beneath the surface of higher-level languages like Java. The syntax of C pretty-well guarantees you will easily understand other languages that came afterward like C++, Java, Javascript, and C#.

C gives you access to the heart of the machine and all its resources at a fine-grained bit-level.

C has been described as “driving a Porsche with no brakes” – and because it is fast as well this can be exhilarating. C is often the only option when speed and efficiency are crucial.

C has been called “dangerous” in that it allows low-level access to the machine but this scariness is exactly what you need to understand as it gives you respect for the higher-level languages you will use.

Many embedded miniaturized systems are all still written in C and the machine-to-machine world of the invisible internet for monitoring and process control often uses C.

Hopefully, this list of reasons will start you thinking that it might be a good reason to have a go at this course.


About the author, David Haskins


Setting up your System

  1. Hello World
    1. Hello Program 1
    2. Program 2
    3. Hello Program 3
    4. Program 4
    5. World conclusion
  2. Data and Memory
    1. Simple data types?
    2. What is a string?
    3. What can a string “mean”
    4. Parsing a string
    5. Data and Memory – conclusion
  3. Functions, pointers, and structures
    1. Functions
    2. Library Functions
    3. A short library function reference
    4. Data Structures
    5. Functions, pointers, and structures – conclusion
  4. Logic, loops and flow control
    1. Syntax of C Flow of control
    2. Controlling what happens and in which order
    3. Logic, loops and flow conclusion
  5. Database handling with MySQL
    1. On not reinventing the wheel
    2. MySQL C API
  6. Graphics with GD library
    1. Generating binary content
    2. Using TrueType Fonts
    3. GD function reference
  7. Apache C modules
    1. Safer C web applications
    2. Adding some functionality
    3. Apache Modules Conclusion
  8. The Ghost project
    1. A PHP website generator project


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